Session Descriptions

Opening Ceremony & Keynote Speech

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Keynote Speech 1
A New Vision for Global Prosperity

For the past few decades, we have experienced great changes in politics and economy across the globe. Amid the possibility of future crises, self-assurance is now a luxury that no one can afford. Today’s demise of major governments and corporations can become our own reality tomorrow. In the midst of such crisis and uncertainty, only the fittest will survive: nations with strong economic foundation that can withstand extreme situations and corporations that are sensitive to changes and quick to respond. In this session, we will explore the challenges and vision for global prosperity in the 21st century by examining the fundamentals of corporate and national management as well as by making revolutionary changes that can withstand future challenges.

Keynote Speech 2
Solve for Happy - An Engineering Model for Happiness

The pursuit of happiness lies at the core of human endeavors yet why is it so difficult to find happiness? In fact, it is never too difficult to pursue happiness since we often search for happiness in the wrong place. We constantly search for the final destination of happiness, but perhaps the destination is where we are at in our everyday lives from the very beginning. To find the secret of happiness, a remarkable thinker and CBO of an elite team of engineers at Google X, Mo Gawdat applies his superior skills of logic and problem solving skills to the issue of happiness by questioning the fundamental problems of our lives while laying down the fundamental cause of the psychological pain and sustainable happiness.

Plenary Sessions

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Plenary Session 1
The 4th Industrial Revolution and the Future Talent

Due to the development of AI, the repetitive simple work and manual jobs will become extinct by being replaced by the machines, and accordingly there will be a boost of jobs that will require character, emotion, and creativity. Furthermore, although the development of AI and robots can flourish human life, it can also endanger human existence. In order to maintain a sustainable growth in such changes as forced upon by the 4th Industrial Revolution, we need to strengthen education on creativity, imagination, emotion, sociality, ethics, and cooperation, which are the core human values. We also need to expand education for minority groups in society. In this session, we seek to establish a new kind of talent in the era of artificial intelligence and discuss revolutionizing the future education and human resources management system.

Plenary Session 2
The 4th Industrial Revolution and the Direction of Higher Education

Many countries are pushing forward education revolution in response to the 4th Industrial Revolution. In such new era, people will have many different jobs during their lifetime and the lifespan of each job will shorten, thereby obliterating the sense of lifetime job and making reemployment or job transfer more commonplace. In order to adapt to such changes and the demands of the future society, a new kind of role is required of higher education. As the globalization and the technological advances are accelerating, the content and methods of higher education also require changes. In this session, we seek to forecast mega trends of the 4th Industrial Revolution as well as the requirements of future talents, and also explore the role and direction of higher education in response to changes and the advanced plans and strategies for academia-industry cooperation.

Plenary Session 3
Will AI Replace Human Jobs?

According to “The Future of Jobs,” a report published by the World Economic Forum, there will be 2 million new jobs available until the year of 2020, thanks to the development of AI. At the same time; however, about 7.1 million jobs will be lost, which leads to over 5 million jobs lost in net effect. The number of jobs that will be lost is greater than the jobs that will newly emerge.
We are entering an era in which the machines surpass the human abilities in almost every aspect. Before the actual arrival of such era, we as a society need to seriously consider this issue and prepare ourselves in advance. Approximately thirty years later, around the year of 2045, the machines will be able to perform the most important part of human activity. Accordingly, the question at stake will be what is left for humans when machines replace all human activities. We hope to explore this issue in depth by discussing how to minimize the negative effects and maximize the positive effects of machines, and also discuss how the government can adopt appropriate systems in response and devise policies that can solve the problem of job reduction.

Special Sessions

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Special Session 1
A Single Idea Changes the World

We are living in absolutely unprecedented times. Everywhere we turn it seems like there is uncertainty - about our jobs, the changing demands of society, and the stability of our country. The Fourth Industrial Revolution and globalization are rapidly changing the nature of our economy and will undoubtedly create an untold amount of wealth in society in the coming decades. More than what railroads, steel, and automobiles did for America in the 19th century and more than what the Miracle on the Han River did for Korea in the late 20th century, the future of companies and political strength of entire countries will be based on their ability to understand and strengthen their capabilities in robotics, data, and artificial intelligence. With that, though, will come substantial winners and losers in society, which will drive everything from economic standing to military power. It is absolutely possible to be a participant in this ecosystem and be a part of this once-in-a-lifetime revolution that is occurring right in front of our eyes.

Soft Wearable Robots: a Chance to Connect the Clinic with the Community

This talk will briefly given an overview of next generation soft wearable robots in development at Harvard that use soft materials such as, textiles and elastomers to provide a more conformal, unobtrusive and compliant means to interface to the human body. Examples will be given for robots to assist with mobility for patients with limited walking capacity (e.g. patients post stroke, with Parkinson´s Disease or the elderly) as well as grasping for those unable to perform activities of daily living (e.g. patients with muscular dystrophy or spinal cord injury). These technologies hold the promise for allowing patients to begin therapy in a clinic and then bring it home and continue therapy on a daily basis as they went about their day to day activities in the community. These devices can also include sensors and machine learning that enable a therapist to remotely monitor the patient and collect data to provide feedback on their progress.

Special Session 2
A Revolution for Learning

Recent EduTech trends aim for promoting community spirit and character education as well as customizing and individualizing education based on intelligence information system. In Korea, there is still a clash between public education and private education; however, global EduTech trends tell us that the private companies certainly can maintain an organic relation with schools to innovate education. In EduTech, it is the learners not the instructors that act as leaders of educational ecosystem by promoting learning experience and solving every student’s problems. Also, based on high satisfactory score, the students reach their goals very easily. Furthermore, by collaborating with public schools, the educational organizations innovate the standardized system including policy change or budget management, thereby creating a new educational ecosystem.

Special Session 3
Manufacturing Manufacturing and Distributing Production

The idea of a self-replicating machine has been around since Rene Descartes discussed it with Queen Christina of Sweden in 1649, if not before. But the advent of 3D printing has allowed humanity actually to start creating general purpose manufacturing machines that can manufacture themselves. This is the basis of the RepRap Project, which I started in 2004.
Of course, one human industry has been manufacturing things using self-replicating machines since pre-history. We call it farming. This talk will examine the relationship between self-replication, traditional engineering industry, and how coming changes will allow production to be distributed and democratised. It will show how manufacturing machines that manufacture themselves may make technology decentralised, may reduce the number of large manufacturing companies and may make technological production more like farming.

Using Drones for Social Good

One of the most exciting new technologies has truly taken flight; drones or unmanned aerial vehicles have had a big transformation. What once started out as a military tool, has now turned into a consumer product, providing everyday people with a birds-eye view. The last four years we have seen numerous beautiful aerial videos and photography projects, allowing us to explore our surrounding from a different perspective.
But the real impact of this technology can be seen in first responder and humanitarian areas. Many fire departments, search and rescue and law enforcement units have started utilizing these aerial platforms for fire rescue, search and rescue operations and for situational awareness. Humanitarian organizations are also flying these user friendly machines that provide live video feed for pre and post disaster analysis, measure climate change impacts, and help preparation for impending natural disasters. But there are still challenges ahead of us; from regulatory to ethical questions, how to best incorporate and utilize these data gathering platforms.

Track A

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Session 1
Education that Enhances Creativity and Teamwork Skills ? How Should Classrooms be Innovated?

One of the most important goals of education in this smart information society would be the cultivation of creative and convergent talent. To meet this goal, the 2015 Revised Curriculum is now used in primary and secondary schools across Korea, aiming to foster creative and convergent thinkers by supporting students to build their thinking and problem-solving abilities.
Education taking place in the actual classroom should be dramatically innovated to allow the new curriculum to do what it is meant to do, which is encouraging students to learn how to think on their own and apply what they have learned at school to their everyday life. During this session, we will explore various classroom models that can encourage student participation during the class, including discussion and debate, presentation, project-based learning, and flipped learning. We will also have a chance to discuss how to innovate student evaluation system by shifting it from the previous model which solely looked at the end result of student learning to the one which now looks at the entire process of learning. Through the discussion, we will be able to chart a new way forward in terms of where the primary and secondary education should be headed, focusing on building people’s individual capacity.

Session 2
What Would Future Schools Look Like?

It is anticipated that with the advent of the 4th Industrial Revolution, not only the education sector but all sectors in society will be affected by the smart information technology, thereby leading to the expansion of tailored services that cater to the different needs of each individual. For example, in the financial sector, new forms of financial services are emerging such as, smart mobile payment platforms and cloud funding. Moreover, in the education sector, learning analytics, AR (Augmented Reality), VR (Virtual Reality), and AI (Artificial Intelligence) are increasingly being tapped into around the world. In line with the development of such new technologies, a great deal of efforts is being made on the ground to make full use of these new technologies and apply them into the actual classroom environment. During this session, we will look at the cases of innovative learning in the US including the AltSchool, Khan Lab School, Minerva Schools, and more. And then we will also look at how the schools in Korea are preparing themselves for the smart information society and how their efforts are being supported by the government through its policies.

Session 3
Lifelong Learning, Trailblazer of the Fourth Industrial Revolution

In the era of the 4th Industrial Revolution, the focus of the economic and social paradigm will shift from knowledge to creativity and the half-life of knowledge will get shorter and shorter. Therefore, everyone should be willing to constantly develop what they have already learned at school throughout their lifetime. Also, as the average life expectancy rises, which has in fact led to the era of centenarians, everyone should be prepared to make career changes several times in their lives. Now is time for individuals to fully take charge of designing the course of their lives and be prepared to respond to any abrupt societal changes they may encounter through skill development. Furthermore, in order to respond to the challenges of the smart information society, lifelong learning system has to take firm root to give more tailored educational opportunities to all in line with the increasing demands for diverse learning models. Moreover, a continuous support should be provided in many different forms of lifelong learning. In this context, we will discuss the status quo of the lifelong learning system in Korea and around the world as well as its future direction in the smart information society.

Session 4
The Future of Education Lies in Building Students’ Character

It is anticipated that although the rapid technological advancement may enrich human life, they may also pose a threat to mankind. For instance, it is predicted that with the 4th Industrial Revolution, as many as 5 million jobs may disappear. Such job replacement may lead to more serious problems like human alienation, social polarization, and more, which are much worse than the challenges that we have encountered during the 3rd Industrial Revolution. In order to preemptively respond to the dramatic social and economic changes, including a situation where technology poses a threat to mankind or cause human alienation, it is important to strengthen an education that focuses on enhancing people’s emotional intelligence, social skills, and a sense of ethics. In this context, this session will focus on taking stock of the character, physical and arts education currently taking place in both Korea and around the world, and explore ways that education can further contribute to maximizing the intrinsic value of humanity.

Track B

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Session 1
Global Corporate’s Response to the 4th Industrial Revolution

The 4th Industrial Revolution is an endless opportunity for corporations who are well-prepared towards the rapid technological advancement yet for late comers, it is a heavy risk and threat to their survival in their business areas. This revolution is not just a mere invention or development of new technologies that create new products and services. Rather, it requires a more comprehensive and new approach to target groups, business models, strategies, and etc. For this reason, a demand for new leadership skills are highlighted to meet the changing organizational structures who need to be creative, open, and more responsive to changes. In this session, we intend to discuss and share a paradigm shift in the 4th Industrial Revolution, especially in areas of global industry, leadership, organizational structure, and human resources. Our goal is to propose practice advices and recommendations for companies pursuing changes to meet the demands of the 4th Industrial Revolution.

Session 2
Startup CEO’s Insights for Hiring

Startups are constantly undergoing trial and errors. They often struggle with a lack of funding, manpower, and experience. To overcome these hardships and enter into the safe zone, s\\ed elite group of personnel team up in Startups. Often times, their chances of surviving are determined by a number of team members. Thus, hiring talents in Startups are critical and depending on who joins the team from the beginning, the success or failure of the Startup is determined. What types of talent do, you would you want for your start-up? What kind of organization culture does start-up pursue? How do you handle conflicts in your organization? Listen to the vivid stories about start-up talents from the founders of successful startups.

Session 3
People who Make the Future

Interest in the 4th industrial revolution is heated. Although it is a concept often presented regarding the future, the level of understanding varies depending on each country, society and individual. However, everyone would share the same opinion that a change for the future is unavoidable. Meanwhile every day is changed due to innovative technology, what should Korea do in order to become a main player in the future where the speed of change will be even faster? This session sees a talent who makes the future can become an alternative. In other words, what we are doing now is to talk about the people who are the future. We will also discuss about the future competitiveness of ‘intellectual property based entrepreneurs’ who possess implementation capability to realize creativity and one’s own ideas and expertise acquired through challenge and trial and error. As for this, we would like to introduce the case of ‘Future creative entrepreneurs’ sponsored by KIPO(Korea Intellectual Property Organization and KIPA(Korea Intellectual Property Association) and educated by KAIST(Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology) and POSTECH(Pohang University of Science and Technology) jointly. It will be a time to find an answer together for the question regarding the roles of individual, society and country for fostering talents who make the future.

Session 4
how to Evaluate

In many corporations, the employees’ achievement management system is not so effective in providing motivation but is only being used as a tool deciding reward and promotion. Despite the fact that the current achievement management system has many problems, there is no clear-cut definition of how to effectively utilize this system. In this session, we seek to examine case studies that effectively adopt new achievement management system and also discuss a new paradigm for management.

Track C

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Session 1
The 4th Industrial Revolution and Change in Job World

AI, IoT, 3D printing, and synthetic biology are expected to change not only the existing industry and production method, but also the nature of work and the concept of work. In the 3rd Industrial Revolution, tech machine was a substitute for human labor, but in the 4th Industrial Revolution, machine can replace all human activities including human intelligence and a great change is expected in the world of work. Thus, we are concerned that this change will cause job substitution or reduction. Furthermore, changes in the job world due to these technologies need to be divided into changes in the workplace, changes in work relationships, and changes in jobs. In particular, these changes in jobs are expected to be significant in the 4th Industrial Revolution. Furthermore, these changes will be accompanied by emerging new jobs as well as replacement jobs. Also, the world of work will change greatly as the workplace will shift towards one-man manufacturing business or a more personalized one. Predicting a new career world in these changes could be important for the future. This change in the job world is also important in job strategy and new skills development.

Session 2
Career Guidance in Higher Education Responding to the Future World of Work

Career guidance at the level of higher education is a key element to support the career planning of students. Resume-editing, internship search guidelines, mock interviews, alumni career-talks and job search assistance are no longer optional but critical in students’ career development post-graduation. In recent years, the career guidance in the universities of advanced countries such as, US, France, and Japan has expanded beyond the level of mere job search assistance instead, they have been actively participating in designing and preparing current and future career paths of college students in the perspective of life-career development including learning-employment and life-career design. Therefore, this session will discuss the innovation in career guidance at higher education by sharing and discussing the cases in which it provides a new paradigm in university career guidance at Stanford University. In particular, following topics such as, a new paradigm and vision of future-oriented career guidance, an innovative model and strategy of career guidance, linkage and cooperation between universities and companies for innovation of university career guidance will be discussed.

Session 3
How to Develop Human Resources in Professional Jobs

Accelerated changes and developments in science and technology require new talent with creativity, convergence and integration competency, sensitivity, adaptability, and expertise. In addition, it is expected that many jobs will disappear due to the 4th Industrial Revolution and at the same time, jobs will also be created in new fields. Furthermore, much of the work in professional jobs is replaced by artificial intelligence, while new job content is emerging. It is more important for the most of professionals to equip with the competency in tools and techniques for collecting and analyzing large scale of the unstructured information instead of keeping the accumulation of existing knowledge. Also, they should have competency of proper interpretation and application. In this session, we will have in-depth discussion on how human resources development and vocational education and training should be transformed in the midst of these changes, focusing on the following topics of ‘Changes in the competencies in the era of the fourth industrial revolution,’ ‘Directions of development of human resources to cope with the future labor market,’ and ‘Strategical policies of government policy direction for cultivating new talent.’

Session 4
Political Leaders and Professional Competency

Political activities of politicians including the president affect every aspect of people’s daily lives such as, economy, society, culture and education. This is why the importance of political leadership should be emphasized. This session will focus on the importance of leadership at the national level, qualities and conditions of political elites, and examples of political elite training institutions. There is a lot of discussion about the importance of talent and education that society and industry demand. However, there is a lack of interest and effort in training upright politicians, successful political leadership, and political elites. This session will explore the professional competencies and leadership that career politicians should have. In addition, we will examine the functions of the political academies of advanced countries such as US, Japan, Germany, and France, which cultivate political elites, which may inspire directions for the development of politics and politicians.

Track D

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Session 1
Giving Away your Work and Having Others Work for Free

Pretty much the whole of the Internet, from servers and routers down to DSL modems in our homes, runs on the Linux operating system. Linux is open source and free, and anyone can have a copy for no expenditure whatsoever. Further, anyone can edit the source code and make their own version. Open source software is well-established, and has been growing in importance since Richard Stallman introduced the GNU General Public Licence in 1989. Free open-source hardware is a more recent innovation. It depends on the idea that hardware is, at root, software. Hardware stems from the CAD files, firmware, and documentation that defines it, and by subjecting those to a free software licence the derived hardware effectively also becomes free. This talk will examine the advantages and disadvantages in making a hardware product open and free. In particular it will show how a product´s research and development can be done much faster and more cheaply if it is open, and at the (perhaps surprising) ways in which the profitability of the product can be maintained if all its designs are given away on line.

Cultivating an Ecosystem for Innovation and Business Start-up

The Korea Startup “K-Startup” provides an ecosystem that is fast on the rise with strong commitment from the Korean government. In contradistinction, there are concerns that the sense of entrepreneurship is being lost in the Korean society. That is, if entrepreneurship were to be defined as “a strong willpower to carry business forward against all odds”. There is an atmosphere of unease that this critical aspect of entrepreneurship, this resilience and driving force, is being lost in Korea.
To overcome one of the challenges to entrepreneurship, the Korean government opened its door to foreign entrepreneurs and startups through a project called “K-Startup Grand Challenge”. The project´s ultimate objective is to promote the expansion of an open entrepreneurial ecosystem in Asia and to assist South Korea’s evolution into a prominent start-up business hub in the region. In this session, we will examine entrepreneurship in the K-Startup ecosystem and discuss proposals for cultivating an atmosphere conducive for innovation and business startup.

Session 2
Autonomous Networks and Self-Driving Cars

We are in the early stages of a dramatic revolution in transportation and telecommunications, with rapid advances in self-driving cars as well as mobile and wireless communication networks for the
internet of things that can not only operate autonomously but also improve their own performance over time. This session will review some of the important technology trends in this domain and the key challenges that must be addressed through further research.

Navigating Future of Work in the IoT Generation

In the era of Internet of Things (IoT), the definition and essence of what we do may be completely changed. The IoT is an intelligent connection device that creates data companies that can be used to innovate businesses. Its main function is to make it possible to know who does what, when, where and why in real time. For example, Deloitte´s Dutch office building, transformed by applying IoT could reduce its power by 60% due to 28,000 sensors, LED lighting, copper lines and power distribution that aligned with its business conditions. By integrating IoT in buildings we can no reduce energy while maximizing space efficiency and profit, which can have a great impact on various fields including efficient operation of manpower, adjustment of working hours, and improvement of overall productivity. The changes that IoT can bring provide infinite opportunities and great challenge at the same time for various businesses and occupations. On the other hand, this session will also discuss the privacy issues that collide with technological development of IoT.

Session 3
Creative Talent in the Next Generation Media

Media sector is challenging and defeating Big Wave to the world. Simple success or failure is not fit to history of media industry. Media once faced with Internet, now faces with Mobile, and then will face with Artificial Intelligence and AR/VR. This session will discuss the world "Everything Can be Media,” we, media is endowed as a new role and new responsibility.

Session 4
What is Assessed and Fostered in our Education?

Recent studies on students´ learning strategies for high achievement reported that the students at Korean top universities perceived their critical and creative abilities as lower than their receptive learning abilities and that higher achievers were neither more critical nor creative than lower achievers. Rather, the more receptive and less critical/creative the students are, the higher GPA they get at the Korean top universities. Korean K-12 education shows no difference from higher education. This implies that the current educational practice in Korea may not be well aligned with its education mission when considering which particular learning strategies and attitudes lead the achievement. Although national (or institutional) education curriculum officially aims to foster critical and creative competencies, it is unclear which competencies are actually assessed in the courses and therefore what students learn in the end. Considering that students ultimately work backward by first determining how they will be assessed and then preparing accordingly, educators and institutional leaders should consider what should be assessed in education compared with what is currently assessed in exams.

Dreaming of True Learning Experience Outside School

The idea of learning being an autodidact has been around for centuries, but it is only with the advent of technology in the last decade that the idea has become a reality for students around the world. The prominence of freely-available content that allows people to teach themselves was the basis of UnCollege, which I started in 2011.Of course, school and formal education aren’t going away anytime, but the option to learn outside of school means that how we think about learning in changing.This talk will examine the relationship with education, schooling, and learning, and how the new types of “schools” launched in the last decade will impact how we (and our children) will learn for the rest of our lives.

Inclusive Internship Schemes & Challenges with Unpaid Internships

A decade ago, many young people believed that completing university represented an automatic route into employment. Few would do so now, with the significant growth of internships testament to employers’ desire to “try before they buy” and young people’s wish to try out a potential career path before fully committing.
This trend is understandable, but the newfound significance of internships means that access to these roles must be equitable. In the days when internships were a rarity, it mattered less that they were often unpaid and offered to family friends rather than the most capable candidate. But now that internships have become the key route into professional work, it is vital that they are paid, structured, and that recruitment is based on merit. This will ensure that employers can access the best and widest possible talent pool, as well as being fair for young people. This talk will examine the importance of developing high quality internship programmes to the benefit of employers, young people, and society at large.